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Common Dental Diseases in Dogs: Symptoms & Treatment

Dental issues are among the most naturally occurring health problems found in dogs. Our vets in Rabun County will help you identify, treat, and prevent some of the most common dental issues found in your canine companion.

Plaque & Tartar Buildup

Dogs, like humans, accumulate plaque and tartar buildup over time, especially if regular cleanings are not performed. Plaque is a whitish substance composed primarily of bacteria that, if left on the tooth, hardens and turns a more yellowish color (also known as calculus). Tartar will remain stuck to the tooth until it is scraped away with an object such as that used by a veterinarian.

Plaque and tartar buildup are the main causes of gum disease in dogs as well as tooth loss. The most common signs for a dog owner to look out for are gingivitis (very red and swollen gum line), discolored deposits on the teeth, and increasingly bad breath. As the dental disease gets worse, dogs may experience even worse breath as well as bleeding of the gums.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease refers to the deterioration of the gum and bone that surround the tooth. This most commonly occurs when untreated plaque and tartar stick to the tooth and make their way beneath the gum line. 

Gingivitis leads to periodontal disease as the gum and bone around the tooth deteriorate. As a result, pockets around the tooth may form, allowing food and bacteria to accumulate beneath the tooth. If untreated, dangerous infections can develop and teeth begin to fall out.

Common symptoms of canine periodontitis include:

  • Discolored teeth (brown or yellow)
  • Loose or missing teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Weight loss
  • Inflamed or bleeding gums
  • Irritability
  • Excessive drooling
  • Blood on chew toys or in the water bowl
  • Favoring one side of the mouth when chewing
  • “Ropey” or bloody saliva
  • Reduced appetite
  • Problems keeping food in the mouth

If you notice any of these symptoms present in your dog, please contact a veterinarian.

Tooth Fractures

With all of the chewing that dogs do, whether eating or playing, it is not surprising that tooth fractures are common. Even common dog items, such as bones or hard plastic used to make toys, can cause tooth fractures.

Dog chew toys should be small enough that the dog doesn't have to entirely open its mouth, but large enough that there won't be a concern of accidentally swallowing or choking on the toy.

Oral Infections

A pocket of bacteria that has built up in the mouth (typically around the tooth root) is what causes an oral infection. Although periodontitis is the main cause of infections, trauma-induced chewing on hard or sharp objects can also start an infection. As the bacteria enter the bloodstream and damage or destroy the heart, liver, kidneys, or brain, some infections can be fatal.

How to Prevent Dental Problems in Dogs

Creating a dental care routine for your dog is a great way to maintain oral hygiene and prevent oral issues.

The health and strength of their teeth and bones can be easily improved and maintained by adding food or water additives. Even small changes, such as giving dental chews instead of less healthy treats, can improve oral hygiene in your dog.

Brushing your dog's teeth regularly is an ideal tactic for dog owners to use. Although it is not very realistic, brushing their teeth every day would be best if your dog will tolerate the process.

Be sure to bring your dog in for an oral hygiene cleaning and examination at least once every year. Some smaller breeds of dogs should go two or more times a year due to their teeth's shallow roots.

Is your dog ready for their next dental examination or cleaning? Book an appointment with our expert vets at Rabun Animal Hospital today.

We Can't Wait To Meet You!

Rabun Animal Hospital is currently accepting new patients! Our wonderful veterinarians are dedicated to the health and happiness of Rabun County dogs, cats, and exotic pets. Get in touch today to book your pet's first appointment.

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